Centre for the synthesis
and analysis of biodiversity

A centre created and developed by the FRB
 
February 2018

Jean-François Baroiller, CIRAD, Montpellier
Sébastien Barot, IRD, Paris
Thierry Bourgoin, MNHN, Paris
Clément Calenge, ONCFS, Paris

Nathalie Couix, INRA, Toulouse
Wolfgang Cramer, CNRS-INEE / IMBE, Aix-en-Provence
Vincent Devictor, CNRS, Montpellier
Bruno Ernande, IFREMER, Boulogne/mer
Bruno Fady, INRA, Aix-en-Provence
Céline Granjou, IRSTEA, Grenoble
Jean-François Guegan, IRD-CNRS-Université de Montpellier

Thierry Heulin, CEA Cadarache, Cadarache
Christopher Lortie, York University, Ontario, Canada
Roxane Maranger, University of Montréal, Quebec, Canada

Emmanuelle Porcher, MNHN, Paris
Ismael Rafols, HCERES, Paris

Olivier Thébaud, IFREMER, Brest


Thankyou to Martine Antona, CIRAD, Montpellier; Isabelle Arpin, IRSTEA, Grenoble; Jean-Pierre Boude, Université BREST, Brest; Janice Britton-Davidian, ISEM, Montpellier; Jérôme Chave, CNRS-INEE, Toulouse; Eric Garnier, CNRS-INEE, Montpellier; Bruno Goffinet, INRA, Toulouse; Céline Liret, OCEANOPOLIS, Brest; Michel Loreau, CNRS, Moulis; Pascal Marty, Université La Rochelle; Jean-François Silvain, IRD, Paris; Alison Specht, ACEAS, Brisbane, Australia; Eric Vindimian, IRSTEA, Montpellier; and Franck-Dominique Vivien, Université Reims for their active participation in the creation of CESAB and its scientific credibility between 2010 and 2017.

 

 


Présentations des membres du Conseil scientifique : 

Barot90dpi

I am an engineer in forestry (FIF-ENGREG, Nancy, France). I have achieved a PhD thesis, finished in 1999, on the demography of a palm tree species in the field station of Lamto in Ivory Coast. I then did a post-doc at IIASA (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Austria) on the evolutionary impact of commercial fisheries. Since 2002 I have been working for the French Institute for Researches for the Development (IRD) on different subjects of soil ecology, mostly on aboveground-belowground interactions and nutrient cycling. In particular, I have studied the effect of earthworms on plant growth and demography. Since 2011, I have been working at the Bioemco laboratory in Paris. In all my researches I have combined field work, experimentations in controlled conditions and mathematical modelling. Finally, in terms of application of ecological knowledge, I am strongly interested in Ecological Engineering and agro-ecology.

Keywords: soil ecology, modelling, savannas, earthworms, nutrient cycling

Web site: http://millsonia.free.fr/

Publication list: http://millsonia.free.fr/publications.htm

 

PhotoCCClément Calenge is a biometrician in the methodological support unit of the Research and Expertise Division of the National Office for Hunting and Wildlife (ONCFS). Graduate with a Ph.D. in Biometry from Claude Bernard University in Lyon, he first specialised in the development of methods of analysis and modeling of habitat selection by wildlife, including using telemetry data. In this context, he has developed, published, and programmed several factor analysis methods in  R software allowing the statistical exploration of interactions between wildlife and their environment. Today, he provides statistical support to ONCFS researchers, particularly on sampling, data mining, modeling and statistical estimation, as part of the research programs conducted by the ONCFS. 

 

photo NCouix1Nathalie Couix is an agricultural engineer and doctor of engineering of economic organisations. Elle est chargée de recherches en sciences des organisations, à l’INRA, au sein de l’UMR AGIR (AGroécologie, Innovations et teRritoires). Ses travaux portent sur les formes d’action collective qui se mettent en place à des fins de gestion des ressources agricoles et environnementales et visent à comprendre les processus à l’origine de ces formes d’action collective, leur dynamique et, le cas échéant leurs modes d’accompagnement. Elle s’intéresse en particulier aux modes territorialisés de gestion de l’agrobiodiversité dans des situations de gestion de populations animales locales ou de gestion collective de la biodiversité cultivée. De même elle travaille sur les dynamiques collectives à l’interface entre agriculture de montagne et gestion de la biodiversité dans le contexte de sites Natura 2000 ou de Réserves Naturelles du massif des Pyrénées. 

Cramer90pixProfessor Dr Wolfgang Cramer, environmental geographer and global ecologist, is one of the founding directors of the Mediterranean Institute for Biodiversity and Ecology (IMBE), established in Aix-en-Provence, Marseille and Avignon (France) in 2012.

Wolfgang Cramer received his academic training at the Universities of Gießen/Germany (geography, diploma 1981) and Uppsala/Sweden (plant ecology, Ph.D. 1986). From 1987 to 1993, he taught and conducted his research at the Department of Geography, Trondheim University (Norway) while also being a frequently visiting scholar at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) in Laxenburg, Austria. In 1992, he joined the newly founded PIK as head of the department "Global Change and Natural Systems" (switching later to the institute's research domain “Earth System Analysis”. In 2003, he was appointed full professor of global ecology at Potsdam University.

The scientific contributions by Cramer's research group (100+ papers) were initially in the area of modelling forest dynamics under climate change. He then began to seek a broader understanding of biosphere dynamics at the global and continental scale, including aspects of natural and human disturbance as well as biodiversity. He has been directing a large European ecosystem modelling project, ATEAM (EU FP5), as well as its companion outreach activity, AVEC. Together, these projects have resulted in the first ever region-specific and comprehensive ecosystem service assessment across Europe, communicated through the scientific literature as well as through an intensive stakeholder dialogue. Based on ATEAM/AVEC, he has established popular, two-weeks long annual summer schools for young experts in the field of biodiversity and ecosystem services (from 2006 to 2011 for the EU Network of Excellence ALTER-Net).

Professor Cramer is a contributor in many roles to the IPCC (Peace Nobel Prize 2007) and the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. For ICSU, he is member of the Science Committees of DIVERSITAS and PECS, chief editor of the Springer journal Regional Environmental Change, review editor of SCIENCE and editorial board member of several other scientific journals. He also regularly serves as advisor of the german government and the EU Research Directorate.

Vincent Devictor Vincent Devictor's thesis was based on changes in bird communities in disturbed environments. Since 2009 he has led a research project at the CNRS at the Institute of Sciences of Evolution of Montpellier (ISEM) in conservation ecology and macroecology.

His research focuses on the impact of global climate change on the dynamics of biodiversity and the effectiveness of protection measures. He analyzes multi-site and multi-scale databases to quantify community dynamics in space and time. For some years now, he has adopted an interdisciplinary approach to ecological issues in the philosophy of ecology.

B Ernande CESAB

Bruno Ernande is currently senior scientist at the Channel and North Sea Fisheries Unit from IFREMER (Boulogne-sur-Mer, France). He holds an MSc in Ecology (1997) from the Ecole Normale Supérieure and the University Pierre et Marie-Curie (Paris, France) and a PhD in Marine Evolutionary Ecology (2001) from the University of La Rochelle (France) for his work on the genetics and the evolution of phenotypic plasticity. He was appointed as a lecturer and teaching assistant at the University of La Rochelle from 1998 to 2001 and as a post-doctoral researcher in the Evolution and Ecology Program of the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria) from 2001 to 2004. He was hired as junior scientist at IFREMER (France) in 2004.

B. Ernande’s research interests include evolutionary ecology and life history of marine fish and molluscs, fisheries-induced evolution, fish habitats, marine food webs, predator-prey relationships, marine community ecology, aquaculture and fisheries. Most of his research combines both empirical and modelling approaches in the fields of population and quantitative genetics, bioenergetics, life-history theory, population dynamics and evolutionary dynamics. 

B. Ernande has been the Coordinator of IFREMER’s STRADA project on the ecology and evolution of exploited fish species (2.1 M€/yr and 35 persons/yr) from 2005 to 2008. He has been involved in 12 European (8) and national (4) research projects or networks. As for services to the profession, B. Ernande is co-chair of the ICES Working Group on Fisheries-Induced evolution (WGEVO), member of the Working Group “Mer” of AllEnvi Alliance, member of the Editorial Board of OIKOS and serves as reviewers for several others journals.

brunofadylr

Bruno Fady is a population geneticist and ecologist who specializes in Mediterranean forest ecosystems. His scientific interests span several scientific fields, from tree breeding to conservation of rare and threatened forest tree species. His current research activities are focused on the effect of natural and man-made processes on the genetic and phenotypic variability of Mediterranean woody species at different biogeographic scales. Bruno Fady is also active at the cross-roads between science and society. He is a member of the European program for the conservation of forest genetic resources (EUFORGEN) and its French counterpart (CRGF) where he actively contributes to integrating genetic diversity and evolutionary considerations into forest management and policy. Bruno Fady is senior scientist at INRA Avignon (France), where he leads the "Population Biology and Evolution" group of the Ecology of Mediterranean Forests research laboratory (URFM). 

CelineGranjou photoCéline GRANJOU is director of research in sociology at Irstea Grenoble (Department of Territorial Management), and associate researcher at CNRS (Pact). Responsible for the Traces team, she coordinated the ANR PANBioptique project (The new institutions of biodiversity 2010-2013) and received an honorary appointment at the Technological University of Sydney in 2013-2014. At the crossroads between science studies, sociology of the environment and political sociology, she is interested in the sciences of biodiversity and the rise of functional approaches to life (ecosystem services), scriptwriting practices and anticipation of global changes and natural hazards, and environmental humanities. She is the author of numerous scientific articles in journals such as Science, Technology and Human Values and Environmental Science and Policy as well as three books including:

  • Micropolitics of biodiversity. Experts and professionals of nature - editions Peter Lang, 2013, and
  • Futures of Nature: Environmental Changes. ISTE-Wiley, 2016

 


Gross orig After qualifying as Agrégé in biological sciences at the École normale supérieure in the 1970s, Philippe Gros became an associate professor at the University of Western Brittany (UBO, France). In 1980, he joined the CNEXO, a public research institute which became Ifremer in 1984. His research work has focused on mathematical modelling of harvested marine fish population dynamics and of functioning of marine coastal ecosystems. He took part in coordinating the French National Programme on Coastal Oceanography in the mid-90s. From 2001 to 2004 he was the head of Ifremer’s Living Resources Division (marine fisheries & aquaculture, incl. economics). Within the European Research Area, he promoted interdisciplinary programmes whose outcomes have contributed to knowledge base for the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries (EAF). After restructuring of Ifremer in 2005, he was the scientific manager of fisheries research in Ifremer’s Scientific Division. Philippe Gros retired from Ifremer in December 2017. He is currently member of the scientific committee of the Fondation pour la Recherche sur la Biodiversité (FRB).

 

Several recent publications

Goulletquer Ph., Gros Ph., Bœuf G., Weber J. (2014) Biodiversity in the Marine Environment. Springer, 198p.;

Gros Ph., Prouzet P. (2014) The Impact of Global Change on the Dynamics of Marine Living Resources. Chap. 4, pp. 113-212 in: Ecosystem Sustainability and Global Change (A. Monaco & P. Prouzet, eds.). Wiley-ISTE;

Cury Ph., Bertrand A., Bertrand S., Coll M., Gros Ph., Kifani S., Le Loch F., Maury O., Ménard F., Renaud F., Shannon L., Shin Y.J. (2016) The Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries: Reconciling Conservation and Exploitation. Chapter 7, pp. 221-311 in: Tools for Oceanography and Ecosystemic Modeling (A. Monaco & P. Prouzet, eds.). Wiley-ISTE.

 

Guegan JF en conference1Jean-François Guégan is Director of Outstanding Research at the Institute of Research for Development in Montpellier in UMR MIVEGEC IRD-CNRS-University of Montpellier, and Professor at the School of Advanced Studies in Public Health where he is responsible for a published Erasmus Mundus specialty on Global Environmental Changes and Health of the Master of Public Health. He has participated in, or led, numerous national or international research programs on infectious transmission and emerging infectious diseases, and as a former member of the High Council of Public Health he has (co) chaired several official national reports on the consequences of climate change for health and emerging infectious diseases.

He has published more than 130 scientific publications in international journals (Nature, PLoS Biology, PLoS Medicine, Ecology Letters, Annual Rev. Ecol.Evol.System, ...) and has (co-) produced 7 books including 4 for the Higher Education. Outside of his institution, he is very familiar with CNRS, INRA, INSERM and the two Alliances ALLENVI and AVIESAN. A quantitative ecologist by training, a specialist in host-pathogen interactions, he has been interested for twenty years in the consequences of environmental modifications, climate change, loss of biological diversity and habitat modifications on infectious transmission and infectious risk emerge. Member of several national and international scientific boards and committees, he is scientific advisor of the international program FutureEarth of the United Nations for its health component as well as an expert for the WHO for new pandemic risks.

 

Last co-edited teaching book : Guégan J.-F. & Choisy M. (2009). Introduction à l’Epidémiologie Intégrative des Maladies Infectieuses et Parasitaires.  De Boeck Université, Collection Master, Louvain, Belgique.

Popular science articles : Guégan J.-F. (2015). Changement climatique et santé : des liens complexes. Pour La Science, octobre 2015, 89: 30-32. Guégan J.-F. (2015). Changement climatique et santé. Interview. L’Express, 26 novembre 2015 (sous presse).

Morris A., Gozlan R.E., Hassani H., Andreou D., Couppié P. & Guégan J.-F. (2014). Temporal climate signals drive the emergence of human water-borne disease. (Nature) Emerging Microbes & Infections  3, e56; doi:10.1038/emi.2014.56.

 

Heulin90pixThierry Heulin, research director at the CNRS, led the UMR 7265 BVME "Plant Biology and Environmental Microbiology" (CEA / CNRS / Aix-Marseille II) from 2003 to 2011. He has been the director of the Institute of Environmental Biology and Biotechnology (CEA / DSV, Cadarache) since 2007. He is deputy director of FR ECCOREV (Continental Ecosystems and Environmental Risks).

The themes of the UMR BVME mainly concern photosynthesis (plants, microalgae, bacteria) and advanced biofuels, as well as the toxicology of metals and nanomaterials (plants and bacteria). He has investigated the ecology of nitrogen-fixing bacteria and exopolysaccharide-producing bacteria in the rhizosphere of crop plants (diversity, taxonomy, physiology, genetics). He has been  particularly interested in understanding the role of exopolysaccharides in the aggregation of soils and their development in the water economy in agriculture. Currently, his research aims to understand the mechanisms of adaptation of bacteria in desert environments and more specifically the tolerance of the bacterium Ramlibacter tataouinensis to desiccation. He has published about a hundred publications on a dozen rhizospheric bacterial species with properties promoting plant growth.

He has the qualification of Doctor-Engineer from the National School of Agronomy and Food Industries (ENSAIA) of Nancy (1983) and has had the authorisation to lead research at the University of Nancy I since 1991.

Since 2012 he has been a member of the CoNRS Section 29, president of the CS Environment-Agronomy of France Genomics, for several years president of the Scientific Council for PRES LUMAM (Nantes, Angers, Le Mans), member of the scientific advisory council (Lascaux, CESAB-FRB, GIS IBISA "Sequencing", IPEV) and GT4 member of the AllEnvi Alliance.

Contact : 04 42 25 27 53, thierry.heulin@cea.fr

http://www-dsv.cea.fr/dsv/ibeb

http://www-dsv.cea.fr/lemire

http://www.eccorev.fr/

Lortie photo medChris Lortie is an integrative scientist with expertise in community theory, sociology, and quantitative methods. Collaboration and networks are central to his research both conceptually and internationally.  As such, his empirical research involves biogeographical comparisons of many forms of community dynamics (plants, animals, & people). A significant component of his current environmental science research includes restoration & management. Chris actively pursues new challenges and creative opportunities in science. He has published over 200 scholarly products to date including 120 peer-reviewed publications, 51 datasets, 38 non-refereed conference proceedings, 6 book chapters, and numerous open-science products such as slide decks, figures, videos, and blog commentaries. Chris has also been a distinguished visiting professor in Japan, France, Spain, and South America. Publicly, he has spoken at GLIMPSES and other conferences associated with open science, synthesis, big data, and the value of putting ecology (and humanity) into the work we do in other human pursuits outside science. He is an Associate Professor at York University in Canada and a Research Associate at NCEAS. He is the Editor in Chief for Oikos for all formal synthesis papers, and an editor for PLOSONE, PeerJ, Gigascience, and Nature Scientific Data.

Ralofs

Ismael Rafols is a science and technology policy analyst at Ingenio (CSIC-UPV), a visiting fellow at SPRU (Univ. Sussex) (where he was from 2004 to 2012), and a research associate at the OST (HCERES, Paris). He works on the assessment of science and technology, studying both how research is evaluated and how evaluations may influence science and technology. 

Ismael received an MSc in Science and Technology Policy from SPRU (Sussex, 2006), a BSc in Physics from the Univ. Barcelona (1993), a PhD in biophysics from Tohoku University (Sendai, Japan, 2001) and a postdoctoral in nanobiotechnology at Cornell University.

He serves as Editorial Advisor in the journals Scientometrics, Journal of Informetrics, and Research Evaluation.

 

othebaud2 web Olivier Thébaud is a resource and environmental economist, with interests in behavioural economics, ecological-economic modeling, ocean and coastal policy, biodiversity conservation and fisheries and acquaculture.

He has been director of the Maritime Economics Unit (IFREMER) and Joint Research Unit AMURE, since 2013. He gained his doctorate at the School of Higher Studies in Social Studies in Paris in 1998, and after working in research organisations in France and the United Kingdom, he spent several years in Australia at the CSIRO Division of Marine and Atmospheric Research, returning to France in 2013.

In addition to his membership of the CESAB Scientific Committee, he is a currently a member of the Executive Committee of the International Institute for Fisheries Economics and trade (IIFET), of the Scientific Advisory Board of Kiel Marine Science, and the French alternate member of the Scientific Committee of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES).

His publications can be viewed here