Conservation translocations: factors and criteria of success
Coordinator: Alexandre Robert - MNHN (Paris, France)
12 participants: François Sarrazin - MNHN (France); Christian Kerbiriou - MNHN (France); Paul D. N. Hebert - Université d'Orsay (France); Juan Fernandez - Université d'Orsay (France); Bertrand Schatz - Université de Montpellier 2 (France); Doug Armstrong - Massey University (New Zealand); Phil Seddon - Otago University (New Zealand) ; Mark Stanley Price - Oxford University (UK); Pete Hollingsworth - Royal Botanic Gardens (UK); Sandrine Godefroid - Botanic Gardens, Meise (Belgium); John Ewen - Zoological Society of London (UK); Bálint Bajomi - Hungarian Academy of Sciences (Hungary).
The project brings together specialists in population genetics, demographics, behavioral ecology, ornithology, botany and adaptive management.
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Understanding how biodiversity is organized in the rapidly expanding and heterogeneous urban environment is important for its conservation. However, most analyses of urban biodiversity have so far focused on broad scale differences among cities. Here, we propose to synthesize species, trait and phylogenetic diversity of urban plant communities across spatial scales, from the plot level to the global level. Parcel level is the scale at which: (i) much human influence on biodiversity occurs, (ii) where many management decisions are made with respect to type and intensity of land use, and (iii) where co-occurrences of species lead to interactions, being responsible for community compositions. We will first analyze biodiversity within and among parcels to decipher the impact management decisions have on biodiversity at the parcel and city levels. Then, comparing such analyses across cities around the world will enable us to evaluate to what extent the processes that drive biodiversity levels within cities depend on regional and continental specifics such as climate. We propose three general outputs from this project: (1) Developing a methodology and developing software for analyzing functional, taxonomic, and phylogenetic diversity across scales; (2) Elucidating how biodiversity differs between different urban land uses; (3) Determine the impact of regional and continental drivers (e.g. climate, biogeographical history) on the processes that determine biodiversity within cities.
Conservation translocations, reintroductions, Population Viability Analysis, IUCN, Self-sustainability, Extinctions, Public policy