African biodiversity dynamics: interactions between ecological processes and conservation actions
Principal Investigator: Hervé Fritz, CNRS, UCB Lyon 1, Villeurbanne (Hervé.Fritz@univ-lyon1.fr)
Post doctor: Fabrice Hibert, CNRS-Université de Lyon 1, Villeurbanne
11 participants: Nadia Baelaïdi, CNRS, Paris, France; Luigi Boitani, University of Rome "La Sapienza," Rome, Italy; Justin Brashares, University of California, CA, USA; Jean-Michel Gaillard, CNRS-Université de Lyon 1, Villeurbanne, France; Souleymane Konate, UAA/UFR-SN, Université d’Abobo-Adjamé, Côte d'Ivoire; Jean-Dominique Lebreton, CEFE/CNRS, Montpellier, France; Joseph Ogutu, University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany; Norman Owen-Smith, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa; Roger Pradel, CEFE/CNRS, Montpellier, France; Daniel Rakotondravony, Université de Antananarivo, Madagascar; Paul Scholte, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), Yaoundé, Cameroun
Africa is home to the richest and most spectacular communities of large mammals on the planet. This exceptional but threatened biodiversity plays an essential role in the functioning and maintenance of ecosystems and represents an important natural resource for human societies. Development in Africa can still be adjusted to conserve biodiversity on a scale not possible elsewhere where human densities are higher. Protected areas are the cornerstones of the conservation effort, but the decline of wild life is not homogeneous across the continent, indicating different dynamics across countries, regions and biomes.
The AFROBIODRIVERS project aims at studying the patterns and processes of change in the status of the populations of large mammals, with various indices*, focusing on the interactions between the ecological processes (especially in relation to global change and human uses) and conservation actions. We hope that this project will contribute to the definition of public policy for the management of biodiversity. To complement the dataset available for sub-Saharan Africa, the project will initially focus on Central and Western Africa and Madagascar where the data are mostly scattered and unpublished.
The group contributed to the production of a special report for the IUCN:
Mallon, D.P., Hoffmann, M., Grainger, M.J., Hibert, F., van Vliet, N. and McGowan, P.J.K. (2015). An IUCN situation analysis of terrestrial and freshwater fauna in West and Central Africa. Occasional Paper of the IUCN Species Survival Commission No. 54. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN. x + 162pp.