center for synthesis
and analysis of biodiversity

A centre created and developed by the FRB

Plant Functional Diversity of Permanent Grasslands


Principal Investigator: Philippe Choler, LECA – CNRS and University of Grenoble, France 

Post doctor: Benjamin Borgy, CEFE, Montpellier, France (

15 participants: Bernard Amiaud, Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine; Dominique Arrouays, INRA d’Orléans; Sylvain Diquélou, EVA - University of Caen and INRA; Sophie Gachet, Institut Méditerranéen d’Ecologie et de Paléoécologie (IMEP, UMR CNRS-IRD); Eric Garnier, Centre d’Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive, Montpellier (CEFE); Olivier Gimenez, Centre d’Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive, Montpellier (CEFE); Claudy Jolivet, INRA d’Orléans; Jens Kattge, Max Planck Institute, Jena, Germany; Sandra Lavorel, LECA – CNRS and University of Grenoble; Paul Leadley, Laboratoire Ecologie, Systématique et Evolution, Orsay; Servane Lemauviel-Lavenant, EVA - University of Caen and INRA; Jean Olivier, Fédération des Conservatoires Botaniques Nationaux; Sylvain Plantureux, INRA; Cyrille Violle, CEFE, Montpellier, France; Nicolas Viovy, Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnemant CEA


Permanent grasslands still cover about 10 millions of hectares in France (among which 20% are not seeded), but, like in most of Europe, they have been clearly receding over the last decades due to the combined effect of urbanization and changes in agricultural practices. These grasslands are remarkable areas for biodiversity and serve a large number of functions and ecosystem services: food resources for animals, carbon sinks in the soil, water filter, erosion prevention on slopes, touristic interest, cultural value of the landscapes where they are implemented, etc. The DIVGRASS project aims at combining existing data on the plant diversity of French permanent grasslands to better understand the linkages between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. 

About the project


Link to their publications